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What is Invoice Factoring and how does the process work?

Award winning Invoice Factoring in the UK

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Invoice factoring is when a business sells its invoice to a third-party company. It's a form of invoice finance and will give your business an effective way to improve its cashflow position.

The invoice factoring provider provides the credit control service to recover payment of the unpaid invoice.

Invoice factoring is also referred to as ‘factoring’, ‘accounts receivable factoring’ and ‘debt factoring’.

Invoice factoring companies allow you to release cash from your unpaid invoices quicker than having to wait between 30 to 90 days – and sometimes up to 120 days – for your customers to pay you.

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As your acting invoice factoring provider we handle your credit control, allowing you to concentrate on other areas of the business instead of chasing up late payments.

As your business grows, so does the available funding. With invoice factoring, you don’t need to negotiate new terms as your flexible funding line increases with your turnover.

The factoring finance process
    • You supply goods and services to your customers.
    • You send your customer the invoice made payable to Hitachi Capital Invoice Finance, and send a copy to us.
    • We will give you up to 90% of the invoice amount. At this stage, a service fee is deducted from your account as a percentage of your turnover.
    • The customer settles the invoice in full by making their payment direct to us. When the remaining balance is paid, a small finance fee is deducted from your account, charged as a percentage of the amount lent
    • This invoice clears and we give you the remaining 10% balance minus the finance fee.

We are revolutionising invoice factoring companies in the UK with our digital onboarding process

We are an award winning UK invoice factoring company

Highly Commended Factoring Provider 2021

Best Invoice Finance Service 2021

Best Invoice Factoring Provider 2020

Invoice Factoring Explained.

Invoice Factoring Explained.

Invoice Factoring Explained

Find out more about how our invoice factoring products help many small to medium sized businesses by releasing cash from unpaid invoices, whilst leaving the chasing of late payments to one of our in-house specialists.


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  • What are the different types of factoring finance?

    The needs of SMEs tend to vary according to growth stage and industry. To help you work out which type invoice factoring will suit your business, here is a brief guide to the five main options:

    Recourse Invoice Factoring

    This is a type of invoice factoring facility where you take responsibility for any unrecoverable funds. Imagine that you factor (or sell) an invoice worth £5,000 but your client defaults on the debt, and your factor cannot collect the money owed. Under a recourse factoring arrangement, you would then need to repay the £5,000 loan so that your factor wasn’t out of pocket.

    Recourse factoring accounts for approximately 90% of all invoice factoring arrangements, because it allows factors to lend money without shouldering the risk of bad debt. Sole traders, contractors and start-ups tend to be offered recourse factoring arrangements too, but it’s worth remembering that recourse factoring facilities can still be immensely beneficial in the sense that they free up read cash for expansion, and allow you to take full advantage of your factor’s in-house credit control systems.

    Non-Recourse Invoice Factoring

    Under this arrangement, the factor assumes full responsibility for any bad debt, which means you won’t have to repay money leveraged against an unrecoverable invoice. These agreements tend to be rarer, and the risks associated with this kind of lending mean that factors normally charge more for non-recourse factoring.

    Whole-turnover Invoice Factoring

    Using a whole turnover facility, you will factor every invoice as soon as you issue it; guaranteeing a steady flow of ready cash, and providing you with the resources needed to grow your business. Whole factoring agreements tend to be used by sole-traders, contractors, start-ups and SMEs that value positive cash flow, and don’t have their own credit control processes.

    Selective Invoice Factoring

    Selective factoring allows you to choose which invoices you finance. This gives you greater control over the credit collection process, and allows you to avoid unnecessary fees if you have clients that can be trusted to make good on their invoices within the stated payment window. However, selective factoring does require some internal credit control, so this type of factoring tends to be less suitable for sole-traders and contractors.

    Spot Invoice Factoring

    Spot factoring facilities allow you to finance a single invoice. These facilities are normally used in emergency situations, and tend to be quite expensive.

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Invoice factoring costs explained

Invoice factoring costs explained

Invoice factoring costs explained

If you have decided to choose an invoice factoring company, or you are simply in the research stage and looking at all of your options, one of the big questions you will probably have is around the fees and charges related to an invoice factoring solution. We have created this quick video guide to explain some of these fees, the terminology and what you might be expected to pay.

Please note that costs are an estimate only and are based on the entered values. Your final quote may change once a Business Development Manager has assessed your business in more detail.

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Why choose Hitachi Capital as your invoice factoring company?

      • A 6 month trial period so you can be sure the product is right for you
      • Followed by a 6 month rolling contract – we don’t tie our clients in for long periods
      • A one fee solution with no hidden fees
      • Award-winning client service by our team of expert Client Managers
      • Our Relationship Management team are in the field to visit you in person
      • We are part of Hitachi Capital (UK) PLC, a company that is going from strength to strength – we’re here for the long term.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of invoice factoring?

What are the advantages of invoice factoring?

Using an invoice factoring facility, you will:

    • Benefit from improved cash flow
    • Enjoy better working capital, which means more money for growth projects, staff training or stock purchases
    • Be able to move away from more restrictive forms of finance, like small business loans or overdrafts
    • Benefit from your chosen finance provider’s in-house credit control processes
    • Be able to focus on running your business, instead of chasing clients for payment

What are the disadvantages of invoice factoring?

There are some disadvantages too though. Your clients will be informed that you’re using an invoice factoring service, and your factor will contact them to collect on factored invoices which means that:

    • The image of your company may be affected, particularly if your clients assume that you are not established enough to oversee your own credit control
    • You won’t be able to maintain your standard approach to client communication
    • You may find that some of your clients prefer working with you directly, and dislike the fact that they have to interact with your finance provider.

It is also important to remember that most invoice factoring agreements are recourse arrangements, which means that you will be responsible for any unrecoverable invoices. 

Smarter, Faster and Simpler Invoice Factoring solutions with Hitachi Capital

Smarter, Faster and Simpler Invoice Factoring solutions with Hitachi Capital

Smarter, Faster and Simpler Invoice Factoring with Hitachi Capital

Find out how we are revolutionising the way UK SME's access cashflow finance.

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Contact our friendly UK advisors on freephone

0808 250 0859

08.45 - 17.15 Monday to Friday

Invoice Factoring FAQs

Is Invoice Factoring a good idea?

Invoice factoring enables a business to quickly raise money and receive an immediate cash injection, improving its liquidity position by selling invoices to a factoring company. Invoice factoring is a good idea for companies who want to relieve their business from the time it takes to chase up unpaid invoices, as well as allowing them to immediately improve their cash flow and focus on other areas of growth for the business.


Why do UK companies use Factoring?

There are a number of reasons companies in the UK may utilise invoice factoring services for their business; primarily, factoring helps companies ease their cash flow concerns by receiving payment of invoices immediately. Slow paying customers can put a strain on cash flow and factoring with Hitachi Capital Invoice Finance gives businesses an option to receive cash in 24 hours, as opposed to waiting 30, 90 or even 120 days to get paid by customers.


Is Invoice Factoring considered a loan?

Technically speaking factoring is not considered a loan as it is a purchase of accounts receivable. The factoring company purchases future receivables (invoices) and provides the business with a percentage value of the invoice upfront. The remaining balance minus a fee is then paid to the business once the invoices have been settled. Rather than a business waiting a significant length of time for an invoice to be paid, invoice factoring enables a business to access cash quickly and easily.


Is Invoice Factoring regulated in the UK?

Invoice factoring is not currently regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). An industry-wide code of conduct is provided by the UK Finance to ensure a fair service and integrity is provided for invoice factoring services. It is widely accepted that the regulation of the invoice finance sector would contribute to the increasing costs of its services. Therefore, this enables invoice factoring providers to remain competitive and provide a low-cost solution for businesses seeking to utilise invoice factoring services.


Should I use an Invoice Factoring company?

Invoice Factoring has become a popular method of business funding. For businesses who tend to experience longer payment terms with regards to their invoices, invoice factoring can be the solution as it is designed to provide working capital for businesses instantaneously. Moreover, it can be a beneficial service for all types of businesses seeking immediate access to cash without suffering cash flow issues from the 30 to 90 days it takes for the payment of their invoices.


How much does Invoice Factoring cost?

The cost for invoice factoring is split in to three key areas. A set up fee for the administration of establishing the facility. The service fee covers the management and admin costs related to your account and is charged as a percentage of your gross turnover.

Finally the finance fee is the cost of the money you draw down and is charged daily against your outstanding balance.

All reputable finance providers will be transparent about the fees and costs related to the facility prior to signing the agreement.

Alternative invoice finance solutions from Hitachi Capital 

Get a quote

Contact our friendly UK advisors on freephone

0808 250 0859

08.45 - 17.15 Monday to Friday